Skip to Content

Our 10 best traditional food of Japan

Our 10 best traditional food of Japan

Japanese food is hands down one of the best in the world.

But don’t just take our word for it: in December 2013, the Japanese cuisine (called Washoku), was added to UNESCO’s list of intangible heritage list. Which other cuisines do you know are UNESCO listed?!!

We’ve been to Japan several times during our travels in Asia, and each time we fall more and more in love with its culinary prizes. So, get ready for some serious foodporn as we present you our 10 favourite traditional food of Japan.

Sushi and sashimi

When you first think of Japanese cuisine, sushi is probably the first thing that comes to mind.

Sushi is raw fish, sliced into small pieces and served on rice. When it’s served without the rice it’s called sashimi. It also raised eyebrows with sushi virgin Sebastien…

“RAW FISH? Are you CRAZY?!!”

Despite Sebastien’s initial reaction, he quickly fell in love with it and now can’t get enough of it.

Sushi one of our favourite 10 traditional food of Japan
Sebastien quickly grew fond of sushi and sashimi and now can’t get enough of it

Are you also a sushi fan? If so, don’t miss the annual International Sushi Day on 8 June, where lovers of this raw fish goodness around the world unite online and, er, eat sushi together! Read more about our sushi discoveries and surprises in Tokyo.

Sushi one of 10 best traditional food of Japan
Stefan about to tuck into a plate of freshly made sushi in Tokyo

Ramen: the National dish

Ramen is wholesome, extremely tasty Japanese goodness! It is a meat or vegetable based broth served with noodles and topped with a boiled egg, ginger and/or vegetables, depending on the recipe. The longer the broth cooks, the tastier.

Our recipe for chicken ramen takes 3 hours to prepare the broth, but the more dedicated will take days, as shown in the Hollywood film “The Ramen Girl”.

Hardcore ramen fans will want to check out the Ramen Museum in Yokohama where you get to try out different kinds of ramen and even buy ramen souvenirs to bring back home. Otherwise, ramen bars are everywhere, and a bowl of this freshly made heavenly goodness is less then $10. One bowl never really seems to be enough though…

Ramen one of our favourite 10 traditional food of Japan
“Yes they’re both for me! What of it?” – A hungry Stefan getting ready to go face down into his TWO bowls of chicken and beef ramen

Tempura: Portuguese influence in Japan

Tempura is a popular Japanese snack or side dish to complement any meal. It is seafood or vegetables that have been battered and deep fried.

The idea of deep frying food in oil is thought to have originated from the Portuguese missionaries in Nagasaki in the mid 1500s. But the Japanese made it their own creating a unique batter without breadcrumbs and less grease then other frying methods.

The International Day celebrating Tempura is 7th January. You can follow the activities of fellow tempura geeks via the popular hashtag #nationaltempuraday.

Tempura one of our favourite traditional food of Japan
Will you be celebrating International Tempura Day with us on 7th January?

Gyoza: Japanese dumplings

Dumplings became a common theme throughout our travels in Asia whether it was Russian vareniki, Mongolian buuz, Nepalese momos or Cantonese dim sum.

Gyoza are Japanese dumplings. They are ear shaped, pan fried and wrapped in a thin dough. The filling usually consists of ground pork, chives, cabbage, ginger, lots of garlic, soy sauce and sesame oil. They are served with a dipping sauce made from soya sauce and rice vinegar.

They originated from the Chinese jiaozi but the Japanese gyoza is slightly smaller, has a stronger garlic flavour and the dough is thinner, making them more crispy.

Gyoza Japanese dumplings one of 10 favourite traditional food of Japan
Stefan tucking into a plate of freshly made gyoza in Kyoto

Okonomiyaki: the Japanese pizza

Okonomiyaki is a Japanese savoury pancake containing layers of ingredients, usually cabbage, pork and sometimes thick udon noodles. It is then topped with a sauce similar to Worcestershire, but thicker and sweeter along with Japanese mayonnaise. Okonomi means what you like and yaki means grilled.

As well as being delicious, okonomiyaki is a great way to stir up a bit of controversy with locals from Osaka and Hiroshima. Each claims it makes the better / more authentic okonomiyaki than the other.

Okonomiyaki Japanese pizza one of 10 best traditional foods of Japan
Sebastien getting ready to go face down in this freshly made okonomiyaki in Hiroshima

Wagyu: Japanese beef

Meat aficionados, you’re gonna love this!

Wagyu is prime cut Japanese beef. It’s famous for its melt-in-your-mouth flavour caused by the rich marbled texture. The meat fat has a very low melting point so it can literally melt in your mouth. 

The most famous (and expensive) is kobe beef, but every province of Japan has its own unique wagyu specialty.

Wa means Japanese and gyu is cow. The wagyu cattle are a pure blood line and their upkeep, a closely guarded secret. But rumours include they are fed beer and massaged with sake!

Wagyu beef one of 10 traditional food of Japan
Trying wagyu beef at the Shangri-La’s Andaman restaurant during our travels in Tokyo

Yaki udon: our favourite noodle dish

Yaki udon is one of many delicious wok based foodgasms from Japan. It’s like the Japanese version of the Pad Thai of Thailand.

Yaki means pan fried and udon describes the type of noodles used. The udon noodles are thick and chewy, made from wheat flour. Another type of dish is yaki soba using the thinner soba noodles made from buckwheat flour.

Our recipe for yaki udon is very simple. Once the ingredients are ready, it’s simply a matter of throwing them in the wok in the right order (herbs, vegetables, noodles then the sauce/toppings).

Oh and when in Japan, feel free to slurp as loudly as you want when eating noodles – it’s considered good manners and a sign you’re enjoying your meal!

Yaki udon noodles best traditional food of Japan
Stefan about to engage in a serious slurp-athon

Mochi: delicious Japanese treats

Mochi is a paste made from pounding glutinous rice. And the Japanese do magical things with it.

Our favourite is the daifuku sweet treats. These are mochi prizes with a sweetened red bean paste filling:

daifuku mochi one of our fav desserts and traditional food of Japan
Close up of our daifuku green tea flavoured mochi based treats in Kyoto

The Nishiki market in Kyoto is a paradise for mochi lovers with many shops selling a variety of daifuku treats. They spoke directly to Stefan’s sweet tooth. Particularly the green tea flavoured ones:

daifuku mochi Stef favourite traditional food of Japan
Stefan’s mochi mochi moment of madness in Kyoto’s Nishiki market

Matcha matcha matcha…

Matcha is finely ground green tea powder, used to make some delicious treats. It is the key ingredient for daifuku treats and also Japanese green tea cake.

Matcha green tea cake one of our fav 10 traditional food of Japan
Matcha green tea cake – one of our favourite desserts ever!

Anything flavoured with matcha is bound to be delicious, particularly matcha ice lollies, which are unbeatable.

Matcha green tea flavour ice lolly best traditional food of Japan
Matcha ice lolly mania selfie in Kyoto

Sake: the National beverage

What better way to compliment all these Japanese dishes? If it’s good enough for the prized wagyu cows to be massaged with, then it’s good enough for us!

Sake is Japanese rice wine with a high alcohol content of around 15-20%. It can be served chilled or hot, in a small porcelain bottle (called a tokkuri) and sipped from a small porcelain cup called a sakazuki.

But be warned: if you reject an offer of sake, you are insulting the person by implying they are beneath you!

So drink up and kanpai! (cheers! in Japanese). Especially on World Sake Day every 1st October.

Sake one of our fav traditional drinks and food of Japan
It’s 9:30am in the morning. That’s right – it’s SAKE TIME!


To find out more about Japanese food in Tokyo, a food tour is an excellent way of doing this.

We did a tour with Arigato Food Tours who we highly recommend. They will show you some of the best Izakayas (Japanese gastropubs) around Ginza, Yurakucho and Shinbashi. Tours cost $120 per person. They also offer a variety of cooking classes, which are definitely worth checking out.

Izakaya in Japan good for trying traditional Japanese food
Sebastien lost in a maze of izakayas in Tokyo’s Shinbashi neighbourhood during our food tour

Travel recommendations to Japan

Train saving tips: Depending on how many trains you plan to take in Japan, it may be worth investing in a 7 days JR Pass ($250), which allows you unlimited travel throughout the country for 7 consecutive days. But you must buy it from an agent before you go.

We personally used Japan Rail Pass. They offered the best prices and would definitely recommend them.

Tour operator: We travelled independently to Japan but we’re often asked if we can recommend a good tour company. We’ve partnered up with Out Asia travel who offer luxury private tours and tailored itineraries to Japan. These guys are locals, passionate travellers and have a real insight of Japanese culture. They are offering our readers an exclusive 5% discount for bookings of 7 days or more when you quote NOMADIC5 in your enquiry.


[wpforms id=”37145″]

Travel insurance: Whether you go diving, hiking or just lay on the beach all day long, you need travel insurance. We use World Nomads because they offer considerable coverage especially for adventurous travellers. They also make it easy to make a claim as it’s all done online.

Flights: To fly to Japan and within, we recommend Skyscanner. Their website is very easy to use and they always offer the best prices. You can even search for the cheapest flights for any given month.

Hotels: Japan has a huge diversity of accommodation options. It is not the cheapest country to travel in but we found that quality is consistent with the price you pay. When we plan a holiday, we use Tripadvisor to research about the best places to stay and activities to do. We also use to find the best deals and to book accommodation online.


This post may contain affiliate links which means if you make a purchase through one of these links, we will receive a small commission. Read our disclosure for more info.

Recipe for japanese green tea cake
Simple recipe for Japanese green tea cake
← Read Last Post
Best food of Cancun Tacos street food
Culinary Mexico - famous and best food of Cancún
Read Next Post →

Sebastien is the co-founder, editor and author of He is a tech geek, a total travel nerd and a food enthusiast. He spends the majority of his time planning Nomadic Boys' travels meticulously right down to the minute details. Sebastien has travelled to over 80 countries with his partner in crime and the love of his life, Stefan. He regularly shares his expertise of what it’s like travelling as a gay couple both on Nomadic Boys and on prominent publications ranging from Pink News, Matador, The San Francisco Chronicle, The Guardian and many more. Originally from France, Sebastien moved to London in the early 2000s where he pursued a career as a computer programmer for Thompson Reuters and Bloomberg. He subsequently left it all to explore his passion for travelling around the world with Stefan to hand, and thus Nomadic Boys was born.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.